Factors for Medical Management

High blood pressure often results from the heart having to work harder to get oxygenated blood delivered to the body. When the heart has to work harder it increases the risk of coronary artery disease (CAD). The risk for (CAD) doubles for every 20/19 mmhg over 115/75 mgHg. For this reason the National Heart Lung and Blood Institute has set for the following blood pressure classification chart:

BP Classification

SBP mmHg

DBP mmHG

Normal

<120

<80

Pre hypertension

120-139

80-89

Stage 1 Hypertension

140-159

90-99

Stage 2 Hypertension

> 160

> 100

Treatments for lowering blood pressure include medication prescribed by a physician, low salt diet and regular aerobic exercise.

Cholesterol
is a fatty substance that circulates throughout your body. It’s main function is to assist with nerve conduction. Our bodies actually make 2/3’s of the cholesterol our bodies need. In the    United States we consume far more cholesterol than our bodies can handle, which is one reason the rate of heart disease continues to increase. When too much cholesterol is circulating in the blood stream it sticks to the artery walls creating a narrow passage for blood to pass through. There are different types of cholesterol commonly referred to as good cholesterol and bad cholesterol.

HDL or Healthy cholesterol is less sticky and easier for the body to process.

Diabetes
  This is when too much blood sugar (glucose) is floating around in the blood.  The body is unable to rid itself of the glucose and may need assistance with medication or strict diet control. When glucose is circulating at high levels in the blood, the blood becomes thicker and flows at a sluggish rate. This makes it easier to develop plaques on the walls of the arteries.  Tight blood glucose control is of heightened concern when one is diabetic. The diabetic association recommends blood glucose to be maintained between 80 mg/dl – 140mg / dl.

Diet
  Following a low fat, low cholesterol, no added salt diet helps to preserve your heart muscle, slow down the progression of heart disease and will assist in prevention of other diseases.

Exercise  Inactivity may promote coronary artery disease. Regular exercise promotes increased blood flow, assists in maintaining healthy body weight, lowers blood pressure, improves blood sugar control and assists in increasing the healthy cholesterol. (HDL)

Smoking
 
Tobacco causes the arteries to narrow and makes the heart work harder.  Smoking dramatically increases the risk of Coronary artery disease (CAD). According to the World Health Organization (WHO), one year after quitting, the risk of (CAD) decreases by 50%. Within 15 years the relative risk of dying from CAD for an ex-smoker approaches that of a lifetime nonsmoker.

Stress
 
When our bodies endure stress, certain chemicals  are released in our bodies which causes the heart to work harder and faster. This can be beneficial in emergency situations, where quick energy and response time is needed. However, over prolonged periods of time it can wear down our bodies and assist in the development of diseases, such as heart disease. Since elimination of stress is not usually possible, it is important to identify your stressors and learn better ways to manage that stress.

Weight
 
Our body is a machine and our machine functions best when it is feed appropriate nutrients and at optimal body weight.   One of the best indicators of optimal body weight is the Body/Mass Index (weight in kg/length in meters squared)
 
Related Content

Wellness & Nutrition

Services

Enrollment

Naples Diagnostic Imaging Cent...

News & Events

Helpful Links

Hospitals & Walk-In Centers

The Wound Healing and Hyperbar...

Helpful Links

Admitting Information

Walk-In Centers

Awards & Recognition

History

Sign Up for a Blood Drive

Interactive Health Tools

Oncology Services

The von Arx Diabetes Center of...

Orthopaedic Services

Dining at NCH

Advance Directives

Cardiac Services

Cardiac Rehabilitation

Donating Blood

Regional Emergency Center

Meet Our Doctors

Rehabilitation

Patient Rights and & Responsib...

Beginnings (1950 -1970)

Pulmonary Rehabilitation

The Future Continues (1990's )

The Millennium and Beyond (200...

Privacy Notice

About Us

Your Accommodations

Arts in Healing

da Vinci Surgical System at NC...

Contact Us

The NCH Healthcare System Foun...

Diabetes Education

Health E-Newsletters

Benefits

da Vinci Surgeons at NCH

Common Smoking Cessation Metho...

Pediatrics Home

Host a Blood Drive

Recipient Stories

Donor Stories

Prepaid OB Delivery Package Pr...

Disaster Relief

Vendor Policies & Certificatio...

Clinical Pastoral Education

Laboratory

Your Finances

Open Heart Surgery

Your Family

Kidcare/Pediatric Emergency Se...

Things To Do

Neighborhoods

Fact Sheet

Cardiac Rehab Phase II

Our Locations

Other Surgery Options

Jesse Haven MD

About Us

Employee Benefits

Blood Work

Maps & Directions

Ablations

Adenosine/Persantine

The Garden of Hope and Courage

Cardiac Rehab Phase I

Stent Placement

Diagnostic Tests

Electro Physiology Studies

NCH Cares Terms of Use

Conditions Treated

Code Save-A-Heart

Prostate Cancer

Derechos y Responsabilidades d...

Cardiac Catheterization

The Brookdale Center for Healt...

Television Stations

Uterine Conditions

Stress Test

Regular Exercise Stress Test

More About Heart Disease

Diagnostic Services

Treatments for Heart Disease

Programs & Services

Pacemaker

Echocardiogram

Website Privacy

Photo Gallery

Observation - "Watchful Waitin...

Hormonal Therapy

Patient Experiences

Angioplasty

Notes from the Mayo Clinic

da Vinci Prostatectomy

Medical Management

Ultrafast Coronary Artery Calc...

Dr. Herman Spilker Mayo Summar...

Robert Hanson MD

Make an Appointment

Nuclear

Platelets/double red cell dona...

Restoring Health

Heart Institute (Naples)

Implantable Cardioverter Defib...

Rechte und Pflichten des Patie...

Valve Disease

Geriatric Medicine

Education & Outreach

Hospital Ball

How We Can Help You

Programs You Made Possible

Heart Failure Patient Educatio...

Heart Disease

Dobutamine

Quitting Resources

Electrocardiogram

Contact Us

Cardiology

Droits et Responsibilities du ...

Heart Institute (Bonita Spring...

Employee Benefits

How to Help

Wellness & Nutrition Package

Ancillary Services

von Arx Diabetes Education

Foundation Event Photos

Estero Day of Dance 2013

Smoking Cessation Employee Res...

Learn About NHI

Concierge Medicine

United Health Foundation - Sta...

Julie Southmayd MD

The von Arx Diabetes Center of...

Nutrition Education

Concierge Medicine

von Arx Diabetes Resources

von Arx Diabetes Services

Dr Trance Basal Bolus Video

Wellness Centers

Pay Your Bill

Welcome to the von Arx Center

Related Videos